ced that the forces which endeavoured to submerge their country, would
in the end be tamed on Poland's frontiers—as tamed they must be some-
where, for despotism like water spreads in all directions. . . .
The representatives of the Atlantic Democracies fell into the trap
prepared for them at the Crimea and in order to save their own estates
which seemed to be in danger, handed over the flesh and blood of the
Western world to the rule of the Muscovites, to the * dispensation'
which the Two Leaders of that world had condemned so many times.
For one whole year from February 22, 1944 when Churchill had
announced the step the British Government had decided to take, the
Polish people refused to believe that such a move was possible, now for
the first time they used the word c tragic ', now they knew they had been
betrayed. . . . Little information was available for the Polish people
in their country, 4 blacked-out' first by Germany and now by Moscow,
they knew nothing of the great political gambles, they only knew that
the two Great Powers of the Western world were handing them over
to the slaughter. Waves of calumny invented by Moscow for the express
purpose of disintegrating and annihilating the foundations of Christian
civilisation began to roll throughout the countries of the Atlantic Democ-
racies and over the world submerging the truth regarding Poland.
The Government of- that country alone, and none other among the
governments of the world, dared at this time to call a spade a spade and
a murder what it was—a murder, and " their words, like red hot coals
burnt the conscience of those in the world who still considered truth
and honour to be a necessary and vital part of the individual and of the
community." Their Premier Arciszewski said :—
" The decision taken at Crimea was a great blow to the Polish nation.
We shall never surrender to slavery and to the new partition of Poland
made at the same time by our Allies.
"The Polish nation does not believe in the words of Russia when Russia
promises free democracy for Poland. Nor do we believe that if some new
people are included in the proposed new Government to be set up in Poland
it will be any more free than it is now, or any more free than the Govern-
ments of Rumania or Bulgaria."
These words were spoken at a Press Conference and one of the reporters
" Does your Government propose to do anything except sit in London
and talk ? "
" To this," the Daily Mail noted, " there was a prompt, clever and dig-
nified reply, with a suggestion of a threat in it: ' Of course you may think
that expressions of opinion by this Government are superfluous, but, under
the orders of my Government are important forces on land, sea and air;
and that is more than talking.' "
But was there in fact any c suggestion of a threat' in this reply ? A
few days later Churchill summoned General Anders, Commander of the
Polish Forces in Italy and at that time the highest ranking officer in the
Army,—the post of Commander-in-Chief held by General B6r being